Wednesday, July 10, 2013

The history of India.

The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from about 500,000 years ago.[1] The Indus Valley Civilisation, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan and northwest India, was the first major civilisation in South Asia.[2] A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in the Mature Harappan period, from 2600 to 1900 BCE.[3]
This Bronze Age civilisation collapsed before the end of the second millennium BCE and was followed by the Iron Age Vedic Civilisation, which extended over much of the Indo-Gangetic plain and which witnessed the rise of major polities known as the Mahajanapadas. In one of these kingdoms, Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born in the 6th or 5th century BCE and propagated their Shramanic philosophies.
Most of the subcontinent was conquered by the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. Various parts of India ruled by numerous Middle kingdoms for the next 1,500 years, among which the Gupta Empire stands out. Southern India saw the rule of the Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas, and Pandyas. This period, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurgence, is known as the classical or "Golden Age of India". During this period, aspects of Indian civilisation, administration, culture, and religion (Hinduism and Buddhism) spread to much of Asia, while kingdoms in southern India had maritime business links with the Roman Empire from around 77 CE.
Muslim rule in the subcontinent began in 8th century CE when the Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh and Multan in southern Punjab in modern day Pakistan,[4] setting the stage for several successive invasions from Central Asia between the 10th and 15th centuries CE, leading to the formation of Muslim empires in the Indian subcontinent such as the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. Mughal rule came from Central Asia to cover most of the northern parts of the subcontinent. Mughal rulers introduced Central Asian art and architecture to India. In addition to the Mughals and various Rajput kingdoms, several independent Hindu states, such as the Vijayanagara Empire, the Maratha Empire, Eastern Ganga Empire and the Ahom Kingdom, flourished contemporaneously in southern, western, eastern and northeastern India respectively. The Mughal Empire suffered a gradual decline in the early 18th century, which provided opportunities for the Afghans, Balochis, Sikhs, and Marathas to exercise control over large areas in the northwest of the subcontinent until the British East India Company gained ascendancy over South Asia.[5]
Beginning in the mid-18th century and over the next century, large areas of India were annexed by the British East India Company. Dissatisfaction with Company rule led to the Indian Rebellion of 1857, after which the British provinces of India were directly administered by the British Crown and witnessed a period of both rapid development of infrastructure and economic decline. During the first half of the 20th century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congress and later joined by the Muslim League. The subcontinent gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, after the British provinces were partitioned into the dominions of India and Pakistan and the princely states all acceded to one of the new states.

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Friday, December 2, 2011

Height of Coincidence

Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846.
John F. Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946.

Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860.
John F. Kennedy was elected President in 1960.

The names Lincoln and Kennedy each contain seven letters.

Both were particularly concerned with civil rights.

Both wives lost their children while living in the White House.

Both Presidents were shot on a Friday.

Both were shot in the head.

Now this is interesting…

Lincoln’s secretary was named Kennedy.
Kennedy’s secretary was named Lincoln.

Both were assassinated by Southerners.

Both were succeeded by Southerners.

Both successors were named Johnson.

Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, was born in 1808.
Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908.

John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated Lincoln was born in 1839.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated Kennedy was born in 1939.

Both assassins were known by their three names.

Both names comprise fifteen letters.

Booth ran from a theater and was caught in a warehouse.
Oswald ran from a warehouse and was caught in a theater.

Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials.

And here’s the kicker,

A week before Lincoln was shot he was in Monroe, Maryland.
A week before Kennedy was shot he was with Marilyn Monroe.

Thursday, November 24, 2011

Amazing Photography

Amazing Photography

Hey guys,
I know i am not punctual in posting but i am trying.
Got a new post you guys will like it. Its AMAZING PHOTOGRAPHY full of shocking photos taken and made really awesome.
I wish you guys may like it.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

See this one....!

Why are we made to WRITE with PENCIL when we are SMALL
& later on with PEN?
made at that time are allowed to be ERASED
but not later on!

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Prince of Persia: The Two Thrones

This game is my favorite game. I don't have words to explain how much I like this game. Ever since I started to play this game I became a fan of this game. This one is the third sequel game of the Prince of Persia. First one (Sands of Time) I don't have, so I didn't played that one. But second one (Warrior Within) I had, I did play some time ago. But I liked the this third part. About story and other information check this link - The Two Thrones.

If you want to play the game then follow this link - Download Two Thrones.

If you want to watch just game play like any movie (I have completed the game and recorded it) then follow these links....

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Motivational Thoughts - 2

In the heart of this moment is eternity, and if this moment we have lived well, done our best, we may very well leave the rest.

Happiness does not depend upon what happens outside of you, but on what happens inside of you.

The world is full of willing people, some willing to work, the rest willing to let them.

Circumstances are the rulers of the weak, but instruments of wise.

If you are truly at peace with yourself, you will never be at war with others.

Saturday, September 10, 2011

Motivational Thoughts

Here u will find lots of thoughts.

I have collected these from various resources, like novels, story books, magazines, internet, thought books....etc. I will try to post them regularly. And, if u have a thought then please share with all.

O.k, here is the first one......,

"Do not attempt to do a thing unless you are sure of yourself. But do not relinquish it simply because someone else is not sure of you."

"When you are climbing Mount Everest, nothing is easy. You just take one step at a time, never look back and always keep your eyes glued to the top".